Prohibited person

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Federal Law

Possession of Firearms

Federal law prohibits certain persons from purchasing or possessing firearms, such as felons, certain domestic abusers, and certain people with a history of mental illness.


Maryland Law

Possess of Firearms

Possession of a firearm is defined as:

The Secretary of the Maryland State Police must deny a transfer of a regulated firearm when the prospective purchaser, lessee or transferee:

  • Has been convicted of a crime of violence;
  • Has been convicted of any Maryland-classified felony;
  • Has been convicted of conspiracy to commit a felony;
  • Has been convicted of a common law crime for which the person received a term of imprisonment for more than two years;
  • Has been convicted of any Maryland-classified misdemeanor that carries a statutory penalty of more than two years;
  • Is a fugitive from justice;
  • Is a habitual drunkard;
  • Is an addict or habitual user of any controlled dangerous substance;
  • Is suffering from a mental disorder4 and has a history of violent behavior (unless the purchaser, lessee, or transferee possesses a physician’s certificate stating that he or she is capable of possessing a regulated firearm without undue danger to himself, herself or others);
  • Has been confined for more than 30 consecutive days to a facility5 unless the purchaser, lessee, or transferee possesses a physician’s certificate stating that he or she is capable of possessing a regulated firearm without undue danger to himself, herself or others;
  • Is visibly under the influence of alcohol or drugs;
  • Is under 21 years of age;
  • Is a participant in a “straw purchase;”
  • Is subject to a “non ex parte civil protective order;”
  • If under the age of 30 years at the time of the transaction, has been adjudicated delinquent by a juvenile court for an act that would be a disqualifying crime if committed by an adult; or
  • Has not completed a certified firearms safety training course, required to obtain a regulated firearm

Possession of Ammunition

Generally, Prohibited persons may not possess ammunition after October 1, 2013, under Maryland Law after.

Minors may purchase long gun caliber ammunition.